The effects of variation of current amplitude, current risetime, and return stroke velocity along the return stroke channel on the electromagnetic fields generated by return strokes
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The narrow initial peak observed in first and subsequent stroke electromagnetic fields can be produced either by a narrow initial peak present in the current waveform, a rapid decrease in the return stroke current amplitude during the first hundred meters, a rapid decrease in the velocity of the return stroke over the first few hundred meters, or the variation of return stroke current risetime with height. The subsequent peak often observed in return stroke radiation fields can be generated either by a similar feature in the return stroke current waveform or by the variation of return stroke current risetime with height. The rate of decay of the radiation field after the initial peak depends on the rate of decay of the current waveform after the initial peak, the variation of the amplitude of the current waveform with height, and the variation of return stroke velocity with height. Calculations are also presented to show how the risetime of the current waveform affects the radiation field generated by a tortuous return stroke channel. -from Authors
author list (cited authors)
Cooray, V., & Orville, R. E.