Disease resistance through impairment of -SNAP-NSF interaction and vesicular trafficking by soybean Rhg1. Conference Paper uri icon


  • -SNAP [soluble NSF (N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor) attachment protein] and NSF proteins are conserved across eukaryotes and sustain cellular vesicle trafficking by mediating disassembly and reuse of SNARE protein complexes, which facilitate fusion of vesicles to target membranes. However, certain haplotypes of the Rhg1 (resistance to Heterodera glycines 1) locus of soybean possess multiple repeat copies of an -SNAP gene (Glyma.18G022500) that encodes atypical amino acids at a highly conserved functional site. These Rhg1 loci mediate resistance to soybean cyst nematode (SCN; H. glycines), the most economically damaging pathogen of soybeans worldwide. Rhg1 is widely used in agriculture, but the mechanisms of Rhg1 disease resistance have remained unclear. In the present study, we found that the resistance-type Rhg1 -SNAP is defective in interaction with NSF. Elevated in planta expression of resistance-type Rhg1 -SNAPs depleted the abundance of SNARE-recycling 20S complexes, disrupted vesicle trafficking, induced elevated abundance of NSF, and caused cytotoxicity. Soybean, due to ancient genome duplication events, carries other loci that encode canonical (wild-type) -SNAPs. Expression of these -SNAPs counteracted the cytotoxicity of resistance-type Rhg1 -SNAPs. For successful growth and reproduction, SCN dramatically reprograms a set of plant root cells and must sustain this sedentary feeding site for 2-4 weeks. Immunoblots and electron microscopy immunolocalization revealed that resistance-type -SNAPs specifically hyperaccumulate relative to wild-type -SNAPs at the nematode feeding site, promoting the demise of this biotrophic interface. The paradigm of disease resistance through a dysfunctional variant of an essential gene may be applicable to other plant-pathogen interactions.

published proceedings

  • Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

altmetric score

  • 23.7

author list (cited authors)

  • Bayless, A. M., Smith, J. M., Song, J., McMinn, P. H., Teillet, A., August, B. K., & Bent, A. F.

citation count

  • 56

complete list of authors

  • Bayless, Adam M||Smith, John M||Song, Junqi||McMinn, Patrick H||Teillet, Alice||August, Benjamin K||Bent, Andrew F

publication date

  • November 2016