3.1 Remote Sensing and GIScience in Geomorphology: Introduction and Overview
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Geospatial technologies are having a profound effect on geomorphology. Remote sensing and geographic information system studies are now commonplace in Earth science investigations. Significant advances have occurred in sensors, geodesy, photogrammetry, geophysics, computer science, statistics, and pattern recognition. Consequently, it is now possible to quantify landscape morphology, investigate climate forcing, link process with patterns and form, and enhance our understanding of scale dependence and the polygenetic nature of landscape evolution. This chapter introduces current capabilities and new developments that are relevant to geomorphological investigations. The emphasis is on using data and new analysis approaches to better understand geomorphological systems and landforms. 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.