Comparison of optimization-based approaches to imaging spectroscopic inversion in coastal waters
Additional Document Info
The United States Navy has recently shifted focus from open-ocean warfare to joint operations in optically complex nearshore regions. Accurately estimating bathymetry and water column inherent optical properties (IOPs) from passive remotely sensed imagery can be an important facilitator of naval operations. Lee et al. 1 developed a semianalytical model that describes the relationship between shallow-water bottom depth, IOPs and subsurface and above-surface reflectance. They also developed a nonlinear optimization-based technique 2 that estimates bottom depth and IOPs, using only measured spectral remote sensing reflectance as input. While quite effective, inversion using noisy field data can limit its accuracy. In this research, the nonlinear optimization-based Lee et al. 2 inversion algorithm was used as a baseline method, and it provided the framework for a proposed hybrid evolutionary/classical optimization approach to hyperspectral data processing. All aspects of the proposed implementation were held constant with that of Lee et al. 2, except that a hybrid evolutionary/classical optimizer (HECO) was substituted for the nonlinear method. HECO required more computer-processing time. In addition, HECO is nondeterministic, and the termination strategy is heuristic. However, the HECO method makes no assumptions regarding the mathematical form of the problem functions. Also, whereas smooth nonlinear optimization is only guaranteed to find a locally optimal solution, HECO has a higher probability of finding a more globally optimal result. While the HECO-acquired results are not provably optimal, we have empirically found that for certain variables, HECO does provide estimates comparable to nonlinear optimization (e.g., bottom albedo at 550 nm).
name of conference
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XI