Hyperspectral remote sensing of aboveground biomass on a river meander bend using multivariate adaptive regression splines and stochastic gradient boosting
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Research on aboveground biomass (AGB) retrieval via remote sensing in floodplain forests, in particular, is urgently needed for improved understanding of carbon cycling in such areas. AGB estimation is particularly challenging in floodplain forests, which are characterized by high spatial variability in AGB resulting from biogeomorphodynamic processes. In this study, we perform remote AGB retrieval for a deciduous riparian forest on a river meander bend based on hyperspectral/high-dimensional Hyperion bands and other input variables. We compare multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS)-, stochastic gradient boosting (SGB)- and Cubist-based AGB estimates. Results show that MARS- and SGB-derived estimates are significantly more accurate than Cubist-based AGB. The most accurate MARS and SGB estimates have a coefficient of determination, R2, of 0.97 and 0.95, respectively, whereas the Cubist estimate with the lowest error has an R2 of 0.85. MARS and SGB AGB are not significantly different, however. These modelling approaches are applicable across scales and environments. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
author list (cited authors)
Filippi, A. M., Gueneralp, I., & Randall, J.