Large-scale laboratory experiment on erosion of sand beds by moving circular vertical jets Academic Article uri icon


  • This study investigates the topographic deformation due to the erosion of a sand bed impinged by a moving submerged turbulent round jet in a large-scale laboratory. The test conditions represent the case of discharges beneath a vessel while operating in water with a limited clearance such as a shallow navigation channel. The jet moves horizontally and discharges water vertically downward towards the bed. The distance between the jet nozzle and the bed equals six times the jet diameter so the jet flow is in the potential core region. The speed of the jet horizontal motion was varied to examine its effect on the scour profile. The characteristic lengths of the scour profile in the asymptotic state were determined by modifying the empirical formulas in Aderibigbe and Rajaratnam [1996. Erosion of loose beds by submerged circular impinging vertical turbulent jets. Journal of Hydraulic Research 34(1), 19-33]. The maximum scour depth, the scour hole radius, and the ridge height were found to be a function of the ratio of the jet exit to jet translation velocities and were modeled using a hyperbolic function. Empirical equations describing the scour profile were developed and the scour profile was found to be self-similar when normalized by appropriate length scales. 2008 Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Yeh, P., Chang, K., Henriksen, J., Edge, B., Chang, P., Silver, A., & Vargas, A.

citation count

  • 33

complete list of authors

  • Yeh, Po-Hung||Chang, Kuang-An||Henriksen, John||Edge, Billy||Chang, Peter||Silver, Andrew||Vargas, Abel

publication date

  • January 2009