Effect of oceanic uptake on atmospheric lifetimes of selected trace gases Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We have calculated from a 2° × 2° grid of oceanic properties the contribution of oceanic loss to the overall lifetimes of a number of anthropogenic and naturally produced trace gases involved in global warming and stratospheric ozone depletion. The model, originally developed for atmospheric methyl bromide, can be used for any well-mixed trace gas where the seawater degradation rate constants and solubilities are known. Of the gases tested, it is clear that known oceanic chemical degradation processes alone are not significant sinks for most HFCs and HCFCs. Chemical degradation in the oceans is a substantial sink for COS (28%) and COCl2 (8%) and a minor sink for CH3C1 (<2%) and CH3I (2.5%), and it should be considered when determining atmospheric lifetimes and sink strengths for these gases. Biological degradation processes are likely to increase the oceanic uptake rates of many gases.

altmetric score

  • 6

author list (cited authors)

  • Yvon‐Lewis, S. A., & Butler, J. H.

citation count

  • 41

publication date

  • October 2002