Convenient protocols for Mizoroki–Heck reactions of aromatic bromides and polybromides with fluorous alkenes of the formula H 2 C[double bond, length as m-dash]CH(CF 2 ) n−1 CF 3 ( n = 8, 10)
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The fluorous alkenes H2C[double bond, length as m-dash]CHRfn (Rfn = (CF2)n-1CF3; n = 8, 10) undergo the Mizoroki-Heck reaction with a variety of aromatic monobromides and polybromides such as 1,3- and 1,4-C6H4Br2, 1,3,5-C6H3Br3, 1,3,5-C6H3Br2Cl, 1,4-XC6H4Br (X = CF3, Rf8, COCH3, CN, 1,4-OC6H4Br), 1,2-O2NC6H4Br, 5-bromoisoquinoline, 5-bromopyrimidine, 3-bromo-5-methoxypyridine, and 3,5-dibromopyridine (sixteen examples, 78% average isolated yield). Typically, 1.2-2.4 equiv. of alkene are employed per Ar-Br bond, together with Pd(OAc)2 catalyst (4-5 mol%/Ar-Br bond), n-Bu4N+ Br- (0.8-1.0 equiv./Ar-Br bond), NaOAc (1.2-2.4 equiv./Ar-Br bond), and 3 : 1 w/w DMF/THF as solvent (120 °C). No effort is necessary to exclude air or moisture, and reactions may be conducted on >10 g scales. Only E isomers of the products Ar(CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CHRfn)m are detected. Thirteen representative examples are hydrogenated (Pd/C, balloon pressure H2), giving Ar(CH2CH2Rfn)m (92% average isolated yield).
author list (cited authors)
Su, H., Balogh, J., Al-Hashimi, M., Seapy, D. G., Bazzi, H. S., & Gladysz, J. A.