Effect of high temperature annealing on scratch behavior of acrylonitrile styrene acrylate copolymers
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The scratch behavior of butyl-acrylate rubber-modified styrene- acrylonitrile (ASA) upon high temperature annealing is investigated following the ASTM D7027/ISO 19252 linearly increasing normal load test methodology. The critical normal loads at the onset of the major deformation transitions along the scratch path, such as groove formation, scratch visibility, microcrack formation, and plowing, are reported and quantitatively analyzed. It is found that the scratch resistance improves with high temperature annealing, i.e., 30 °C above T g , as compared to annealing below or around T g . Microscopic investigation suggests that the increase in scratch resistance is related to the changes in surface morphology of the polymer. It is concluded that performing high temperature annealing enhances the scratch performance without compromising ASA bulk properties. Implication of the present study for improving scratch resistance of polymers is discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Liang, Y., Moghbelli, E., Sue, H., Minkwitz, R., & Stark, R.