Evolution of structure and properties of a liquid crystalline epoxy during curing Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The evolution of structure, and thermal and dynamic mechanical properties of a liquid crystalline epoxy during curing has been studied with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized optical microscopy, x-ray scattering, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The liquid crystalline epoxy was the diglycidyl ether of 4,4′-dihydroxy-α-methylstilbene (DGEDHMS). Two curing agents were used in this study: a difunctional amine, the aniline adduct of DGEDHMS, and a tetra-functional sulfonamido amine, sulfanilamide. The effects of curing agent, cure time, and cure temperature have been investigated. Isothermal curing of the liquid crystalline epoxy with the difunetional amine and the tetra-functional sulfonamido amine causes an increase in the mesophase stability of the liquid crystalline epoxy resin. The curing also leads to various liquid crystalline textures, depending on the curing agent and cure temperature. These textures coarsen during the isothermal curing. Moreover, curing with both curing agents results in a layered structure with mesogenic units aligned perpendicular to the layer surfaces. The layer thickness decreases with cure temperature for the systems cured with the tetra-functional curing agent. The glass transition temperature of the cured networks rises with increasing cure temperature due to the increased crosslink density. The shear modulus of the cured networks shows a strong temperature dependence. However, it does not change appreciably with cure temperature. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

author list (cited authors)

  • Lin, Q., Yee, A. F., Sue, H., Earls, J. D., & Hefner, R. E.

citation count

  • 43

publication date

  • October 1997

publisher