Mechanical Behavior of Bulk Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Subjected to Simple Shear
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Mechanical behavior of bulk semicrystalline poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) processed through simple shear is investigated. The equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) process was used to achieve the simple shear condition. The PET samples were processed in one and two ECAE passes in the same direction, with the sample rotated 180° about the extrusion axis for the second pass. Microstructural features at the nanometer and micrometer scales were studied by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SAXS results showed that at the nanometer scale, two types of lamellar orientations are induced in both samples, but with different extents of orientation. In the ECAE-oriented PET structures on the micrometer scale, as revealed by SEM, are well-defined macrofibrils. However, the fibrillar structures in the sample extruded once are more oriented than those in the sample extruded twice. Fractography investigations suggest that the ECAE-induced fibrillar structure and stretched amorphous chains are responsible for the change in mechanical properties.
author list (cited authors)
Xia, Z., Hartwig, T., & Sue, H.