Air-clad silicon pedestal structures for broadband mid-infrared microphotonics.
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Toward mid-infrared (mid-IR) silicon microphotonic circuits, we demonstrate broadband on-chip silicon structures, such as: (i) straight and bent waveguides and (ii) beam splitters, utilizing an air-clad pedestal configuration which eliminates the need for typical mid-IR-lossy oxide cladding. We illustrate a sophisticated fabrication process that can create high-quality pedestal structures in crystalline silicon, while preserving its mid-IR transparency. A fundamental waveguide mode is observed between λ=2.5 μm and λ=3.7 μm, and an optical loss of 2.7 dB/cm is obtained at λ=3.7 μm. Our pedestal silicon structures show 50:50 mid-IR power splitting enabling the further development of mid-IR silicon microphotonics.
author list (cited authors)
Lin, P. T., Singh, V., Cai, Y., Kimerling, L. C., & Agarwal, A.