Investigation of the optical response of photonic crystal nanocavities in ferroelectric oxide thin film
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2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. The optical properties of BaTiO3 two dimensional photonic crystal (PhC) nanocavities were investigated. Two types of nanocavities consisting of dopants and vacancies with PhC periodicities ranging from 200 to 550 nm were evaluated. The images from laser scanning confocal microscopy show the optical scattering of the PhC cavities is highly wavelength dependent. An optical intensity reversal is observed when the wavelength of probe light shifts by 29 nm. Meanwhile, intensity contrast between the nanocavity and its adjacent PhCs is enhanced as the PhC periodicity becomes shorter than the probe wavelength. To determine the photonic band structures fluorescence from dye covered PhCs were imaged and analyzed. A strong enhancement of fluorescence is observed for the PhC with a period of 200 nm. Upon comparison to the 2D finite difference time domain calculations, the enhancement is attributed to strong light localization within the PhC nanocavity. As a result, the in-plane lightwave propagation is prohibited that results in an increase in the vertical light scattering.