Physical and mechanical metallurgy of high purity Nb for accelerator cavities
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In the past decade, high Q values have been achieved in high purity Nb superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities. Fundamental understanding of the physical metallurgy of Nb that enables these achievements is beginning to reveal what challenges remain to establish reproducible and cost-effective production of high performance SRF cavities. Recent studies of dislocation substructure development and effects of recrystallization arising from welding and heat treatments and their correlations with cavity performance are considered. With better fundamental understanding of the effects of dislocation substructure evolution and recrystallization on electron and phonon conduction, as well as the interior and surface states, it will be possible to design optimal processing paths for cost-effective performance using approaches such as hydroforming, which minimizes or eliminates welds in a cavity. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
author list (cited authors)
Bieler, T. R., Wright, N. T., Pourboghrat, F., Compton, C., Hartwig, K. T., Baars, D., ... Liu, W.