EFFECT OF YIELD SURFACE CURVATURE ON NECKING AND FAILURE IN POROUS PLASTIC SOLIDS.
The effect of material path dependent hardening on neck development and the onset of ductile failure is analyzed numerically. The calculations are carried out using an elastic-viscoplastic constitutive relation that has isotropic hardening and kinematic hardening behaviors as limiting cases and that accounts for the weakening due to the growth of micro-voids. Final material failure is incorporated into the constitutive model by the dependence of the plastic potential on void volume fraction. Results are obtained for both axisymmetric and plane strain tension. Failure is found to initiate by void coalescence at the neck center in axisymmetric tension and within a shear band in plane strain tension.