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Analyses of the growth of a plane strain crack subject to remote mode I cyclic loading under small-scale yielding are carried out using discrete dislocation dynamics. Cracks along a metal-rigid substrate interface and in a single crystal are studied. The formulation is the same as that used to analyze crack growth under monotonic loading conditions, differing only in the remote stress intensity factor being a cyclic function of time. Plastic deformation is modeled through the motion of edge dislocations in an elastic solid with the lattice resistance to dislocation motion, dislocation nucleation, dislocation interaction with obstacles and dislocation annihilation being incorporated through a set of constitutive rules. An irreversible relation is specified between the opening traction and the displacement jump across a cohesive surface ahead of the initial crack tip in order to simulate cyclic loading in an oxidizing environment. The cyclic crack growth rate log(da/dN) versus applied stress intensity factor range log(KI) curve that emerges naturally from the solution of the boundary value problem shows distinct threshold and Paris law regimes. Paris law exponents in the range 4 to 8 are obtained for the parameters employed here. Furthermore, rather uniformly spaced slip bands corresponding to surface striations develop in the wakes of the propagating cracks. 2002 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Deshpande, V. S., Needleman, A., & Van der Giessen, E.