Comparison of discrete dislocation and continuum plasticity predictions for a composite material
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A two-dimensional model composite with elastic reinforcements in a crystalline matrix subject to macroscopic shear is analyzed using both discrete dislocation plasticity and conventional continuum slip crystal plasticity. In the discrete dislocation formulation, the dislocations are modeled as line defects in a linear elastic medium. At each stage of loading, superposition is used to represent the solution in terms of the infinite medium solution for the discrete dislocations and a complimentary solution that enforces the boundary conditions, which is non-singular and obtained from a linear elastic, finite element solution. The lattice resistance to dislocation motion, dislocation nucleation, and dislocation annihilation are incorporated into the formulation through a set of constitutive rules. Obstacles leading to possible dislocation pile-ups are also accounted for. Results are presented for materials with a single slip system. A reinforcement size effect is exhibited by the discrete dislocation-based analysis whereas the continuum slip results are size independent. The discrete dislocation results have higher average reinforcement stress levels than do the corresponding continuum slip calculations. Averaging of stress fields over windows of increasing size is used to gain insight into the transition from discrete dislocation-controlled to continuum behavior. 1997 Acta Metallurgica Inc.
author list (cited authors)
Cleveringa, H., VanderGiessen, E., & Needleman, A.
complete list of authors
Cleveringa, HHM||VanderGiessen, E||Needleman, A