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Transient creep crack growth due to grain boundary cavitation, and under plane strain and small scale creep conditions, is investigated. Full account is taken of the finite geometry changes accompanying crack tip blunting and the material is characterized as an elastic-power law creeping solid with an additional contribution to the creep rate arising from a given density of cavitating grain boundary facets. All voids are assumed present from the outset, distributed on a given density of cavitating grain boundary facets. Our analyses show the competing effects of stress relaxation due to creep, diffusion and crack tip blunting, and the stress increase due to crack growth. Another outcome of our analyses is the crack growth rate under various conditions of loading and for various values of material properties and for various characterizations of the failure process. Prior to crack growth, Hutchinson-Rice-Rosengren type singular fields dominate over the crack tip region, outside of a finite strain zone that has dimensions of the order of the crack opening displacement. These singular fields scale with the path integral C(t), which to a good approximation decays as KI2/t, with t being the elapsed time since load application and KIthe imposed stress intensity factor. When the crack growth rate is faster than the growth rate of the creep zone, our finite element results show that Hui-Riedel singular fields dominate over the crack tip region and the magnitude of the Hui-Riedel fields scales with the crack growth rate. For a crack that grows more slowly than the creep zone, Hutchinson-Rice-Rosengren type fields dominate over the crack tip region. In these circumstances, the crack growth rate is found to scale as C(t) to a power. Regardless of which of the two singular fields dominates for the growing crack, finite strain effects are found to be significant over a size scale of the order of the crack opening displacement at crack growth initiation. The effect of increased mesh refinement is also considered and very little mesh dependence is found. 1988 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
International Journal of Fracture
author list (cited authors)
Li, F. Z., Needleman, A., & Shih, C. F.