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The finite element method for localization analysis of Ortiz et al. [Comp. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg. 61] is generalized to account for finite deformations and for material rate dependence. Special shape functions are added to the finite element basis to reproduce band-like localized deformation modes. The amplitudes of these additional modes are eliminated locally by static condensation. The performance of the enhanced element is illustrated in a problem involving shear localization in a plane strain tensile bar. Solutions based on the enhanced element are compared with corresponding results obtained from the underlying compatible isoparametric quadrilateral element and from crossedtriangular and uniformly reduced integration elements. In the finite deformation context, the enhanced element solution is not very sensitive to the precise specification of initial orientation of the additional band-like modes. The enhanced element formulation described here can be used for a broad range of rate independent and rate dependent material behaviors in two dimensional and three dimensional problems. 1989.
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
author list (cited authors)
Nacar, A., Needleman, A., & Ortiz, M.