Thermally and mechanically induced residual strains in Al-SiC composites Academic Article uri icon


  • Neutron diffraction experiments were conducted on 15vol.% whisker and 20vol.% particulate reinforced aluminum/silicon carbide composites subjected to a rapid quench followed by various deformation histories. Corresponding numerical simulations were carried out using an axisymmetric unit cell model, with a phenomenological, isotropic hardening descriotion of matrix plasticity. Thermal expansion and the temperature dependence of material properties were accounted for. For the whisker reinforced matrix, quantitative agreement was generally found between the measured and calculated residual elastic strains. For the particulate reinforced matrix, the calculations tended to overestimate the magnitude of the residual strains parallel to the deformation axis, but very good agreement was obtained transverse to the deformation axis. For the silicon carbide reinforcement, both whisker and particulate, the variation of predicted residual elastic strains along the deformation axis was qualitatively consistent with the measurements, although quantitative agreement was often lacking. Measured and predicted residual strains perpendicular to the deformation axis for the silicon carbide typically were not in agreement. Parametric studies were carried out to ascertain the dependence of calculated flow strengths and residual strains on cell and reinforcement aspect ratio, and on reinforcement spacing and shape. © 1992.

published proceedings

  • Acta Metallurgica et Materialia

author list (cited authors)

  • Povirk, G. L., Stout, M. G., Bourke, M., Goldstone, J. A., Lawson, A. C., Lovato, M., ... Needleman, A

citation count

  • 83

complete list of authors

  • Povirk, GL||Stout, MG||Bourke, M||Goldstone, JA||Lawson, AC||Lovato, M||Macewen, SR||Nutt, SR||Needleman, A

publication date

  • September 1992