MATERIAL RATE DEPENDENCE AND MESH SENSITIVITY IN LOCALIZATION PROBLEMS
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The role of material rate dependence in setting the character of governing equations is illustrated in the context of a simple one-dimensional problem. For rate-dependent solids, the incremental equilibrium equations for quasi-static problems remain elliptic and wave speeds for dynamic problems remain real, even in the presence of strain-softening. The pathological mesh sensitivity associated with numerical solutions of localization problems for rate-independent solids is eliminated. In effect, material rate dependence implicity introduces a length scale into the governing equations, although the constitutive description does not contain a parameter with the dimensions of length. Numerical results are presented that illustrate the localization behavior of slightly rate-dependent solids under both quasi-static and dynamic loading conditions. 1988.
COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING
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