Direct measurement of large reversible magnetic-field-induced strain in Ni–Co–Mn–In metamagnetic shape memory alloys Academic Article uri icon


  • Direct measurements of reversible magnetic-field-induced strain (MFIS) on a single crystalline Ni 45Co 5Mn 36.5In 13.5 metamagnetic shape memory alloy were attained via magnetic-field-induced martensitic transformation under different stress levels and at various temperatures. This was achieved using a custom-designed micro-magneto-thermo-mechanical testing system capable of applying constant stress while measuring strain and magnetization simultaneously on the samples, which can fit into conventional superconducting magnets. MFIS levels are reported as a function of temperature, magnetic field and external bias stress. It was necessary to apply an external bias stress in these materials to detect a notable MFIS because a magnetic field does not favor a specific martensite variant resulting in no shape change even though magnetic field leads to reversible martensitic transformation. Fully recoverable transformation strains up to 3.10% were detected under repeated field applications in the presence of different compressive stress levels up to 125 MPa. The bias stress opposes the field-induced martensite-to-austenite phase transformation and causes the critical field for the transformation to increase at a given temperature in accordance with the Clausius Clapeyron relationship. The effect of the bias stress on the kinetic arrest of austenite is also explored. © 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Monroe, J. A., Karaman, I., Basaran, B., Ito, W., Umetsu, R. Y., Kainuma, R., Koyama, K., & Chumlyakov, Y. I.

citation count

  • 49

publication date

  • December 2012