Deformation of NiTiCu shape memory single crystals in compression
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Single-crystal orientations of NiTi10Cu alloys were studied under incremental, cyclic compression conditions to establish the pseudoelastic and shape memory response of this class of alloys. This material exhibits a two-step transformation involving cubic to orthorhombic martensite (B2 → B19) followed by orthorhombic to monoclinic martensite (B19 → B19′). The transformation parameters (shear magnitudes and directions for habit and twin planes) were determined associated with the B2 → B19 transformation. The growth of monoclinic martensite correspondent variant pairs (CVPs) emanating from the orthorhombic structure was also analyzed. The transformation strain for the B2 → B19 case was orientation dependent and lower than the B19 → B19′ transformation in compression for all orientations except those near the  pole. The experimental results show that the critical transformation stress is orientation dependent and is in the range 30 to 58 MPa. Orientations that exhibit lower transformation stress (or high resolved shear stress factors,  and ) produce higher recoverable strains (as high as 4 pct), while other orientations (, , and ) with lower resolved shear stress factors result in recoverable strains less than 3 pct. At higher strains, inelastic deformation develops, limiting recoverability. The recoverable strains are lower than the theoretical values for two main reasons: the transformation is curtailed first by austenite slip and subsequently by martensite slip, and the orthorhombic structure does not fully transform to the monoclinic martensite.
author list (cited authors)
Sehitoglu, H., Karaman, I., Zhang, X., Kim, H., Chumlyakov, Y., Kireeva, I., & Maier, H. J.