Long Time Oxidation Study of Ti[sub 3]SiC[sub 2], Ti[sub 3]SiC[sub 2]/SiC, and Ti[sub 3]SiC[sub 2]/TiC Composites in Air
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We report herein on the oxidation kinetics and morphology of the oxide phases that form after long term (up to 1500 h) oxidation in ambient air of the fine and coarse-grained samples of Ti3SiC2, Ti3SiC2, with 30 vol % TiC and Ti3SiC with 30 vol % SiC in the 875-1200°C temperature range. In all cases, the oxidation resulted in a duplex scale, an outer rutile and an inner rutile/silica layer. At 875°C, and up to at least 100 h, the oxidation kinetics of the Ti3SiC/30 vol % TiC samples are parabolic; at 925°C, the oxidation kinetics of the Ti3SiC2/30 vol % SiC are subparabolic, up to at least 500 h. The oxidation kinetics of all other runs are initially parabolic, but at times > 30 h they become linear. The reason for the transition is not entirely clear, but could be due to the buildup of stress in the external oxide scales. Comparison with previously published results indicate that the rate limiting step, when the oxidation kinetics are parabolic, is most probably the inward diffusion of oxygen and the simultaneous outward diffusion of titanium. The results also strongly suggest that the activation energies for diffusion of oxygen and titanium in rutile are almost identical over at least the 1000-1200°C temperature range.
author list (cited authors)
Barsoum, M. W., Ho-Duc, L. H., Radovic, M., & El-Raghy, T.