Film properties and stability influence on impedance distribution during the dissolution process of low-carbon steel exposed to modified alkaline sour environment
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In this work, we characterized the anodic dissolution and the hydrogen transport within carbon steel (SAE 1018) samples immersed in alkaline sour solutions (CN-, polysulfide-base inhibitor and H2S(aq)). The evolution of interfacial and transport processes could be quantified by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and hydrogen permeation measurements. EIS experimental data were analyzed and fitted by using Transmission Line Model (TLM); this latter helped to propose the mechanisms through the porous layer of the corrosion products formed. The area influencing the dissolution and the mass transfer process was quantified by the pores number, pores thickness and the interfacial passive electrical elements describing the mechanisms in different regions within the pores of the corrosion product layer. The TLM was used to analyze the active-mass transport processes occurred at different spatial positions of the porous layer, such as the mass transfer at the wall and the active-mass transfer at the base of the cylindrical pore of the non-stoichiometric FexSy. 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.