Non-Linear response of a long, discontinuous fiber/melt system in elongational flows
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The authors investigated the transient elongational behavior of a highly-aligned 60% volume fraction long, discontinuous fiber filled poly-ether-ketone-ketone melt with a computer-controlled extensional rheometer at 370°C. Prior experiments at controlled strain rate and stress produced τE+(t, ε̇) and ε̇- (t, τE) similar to a shear dominated flow of a non-linear viscoelastic fluid. Stress relaxation following steady extension showed nonlinear effects in the change in stress decay rate with increasing strain rate. Continuous relaxation spectra showed a shift in the spectral peak to smaller values of λ with increasing strain rate. The Giesekus nonlinear constitutive relation modeled the elongation and stress relaxation with shearing rate at the fiber surface set by a strain rate magnification factor. Suitable for elongation, the model produced insufficient shift in the stress relaxation spectrum to account for the large change in stress decay rate exhibited in the experiments.
author list (cited authors)
Creasv, T. S., Advani, S. G., & Okine, R. K.