Recognition of target colloid species by conjugates of a linear polyelectrolyte with a vector protein
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Redistribution reaction of quaternized poly-4-vinylpyridine polycations and their conjugates with alpha-chymotrypsin by oppositely charged latex particles is disclosed. The polycations are strongly adsorbed on the latex surface. Nevertheless, they are able to migrate between the latex species via occasional interparticle contacts. In the case of a homogeneous latex such interchange results in uniform distribution of polycations by latex particles. The distribution drastically changes, when alpha-chymotrypsin-polycation conjugates interact with a mixture of two latexes: one chemically modified by bovine serum albumin and the other one by specific protein inhibitor of alpha-chymotrypsin. In this case the interchanging polycations are finally fixed on the latex particles carrying the centres of specific binding of the enzyme vector, i.e. recognize them in the latex mixture. The obtained results are considered to mimic physico-chemical interaction and recognition of target supermolecular bio-objects by large macromolecules carrying relatively small molecular vectors.
author list (cited authors)
Kabanov, V. A., Yaroslavov, A. A., Sukhishvili, S. A., Polynsky, A. S., & Chechik, O. S.