Thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubes
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As the sizes of electronic and mechanical devices are decreased to the micron and nanometre level, it becomes particularly important to predict the thermal transport properties of the components. Using molecular level theories, such predictions are particularly important for modelling nano-electronic devices where scaling laws may change substantially but it is most difficult to accurately measure the properties. Hence, using the empirical bond order dependent force field, we have studied here the thermal conductivity of nanotubes' dependence on structure, defects and vacancies. The anisotropic character of the thermal conductivity of the graphite crystal is naturally reflected in the carbon nanotubes. We found that the carbon nanotubes have very high thermal conductivity comparable to diamond crystal and in-plane graphite sheet. In addition, nanotube bundles show very similar properties as graphite crystal in which dramatic difference in thermal conductivities along different crystal axis.
author list (cited authors)
Che, J., Çagin, T., & Goddard, W. A.