Studies of fullerenes and carbon nanotubes by an extended bond order potential
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We present a novel approach to combine bond order potentials with long-range nonbond interactions. This extended bond order potential consistently takes into account bond terms and nonbond terms. It not only captures the advantages of the bond order potentials (i.e. simulating bond forming and breaking), but also systematically includes the nonbond contributions to energy and forces in studying the structure and dynamics of covalently bonded systems such as graphite, diamond, nanotubes, fullerenes and hydrocarbons, in their crystal and melt forms. Using this modified bond order potential, we studied the structure and thermal properties (including thermal conductivity) of C60 crystal, and the elastic properties and plastic deformation processes of the single-walled and double-walled nanotubes. This extended bond order potential enables us to simulate large deformations of a nanotube under tensile and compressive loads. The basic formulation in this paper is transferable to other bond order potentials and traditional valence force fields.
author list (cited authors)
Che, J., Çagin, T., & Goddard, W. A.