Temperature dependence of flexoelectricity in BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 perovskite nanostructures Academic Article uri icon


  • Piezoelectricity is a property of non-centrosymmetric crystals. In most typically used ferroelectrics, this property is lost as the temperature is increased beyond the Curie point thus strongly reducing the availability of efficient materials that can be used for high temperature energy harvesting. Flexoelectricity, as can be shown from simple symmetry arguments, is a universal and linear electromechanical coupling that dictates the development of polarization upon application of inhomogeneous strains. The implications of this phenomenon become amplified at the nanoscale. In this communication, we develop a molecular dynamics approach predicated on a specially tailored interatomic force-field to extract the temperature dependence of flexoelectricity. Surprisingly, we find that it, at least for Barium Titanate and Strontium Titanate nano structures, increases with temperature. Apart from cataloging this interesting observation for the future use in high temperature energy harvesting, we also examine the physical mechanisms that lead to the observed temperature dependence. 2014 Elsevier B.V.

published proceedings

  • Physics Letters A

author list (cited authors)

  • Mbarki, R., Haskins, J. B., Kinaci, A., & Cagin, T.

complete list of authors

  • Mbarki, R||Haskins, JB||Kinaci, A||Cagin, T

publication date

  • January 1, 2014 11:11 AM