Paleocene-Eocene Marine Transgression in the Upper Calvert Bluff Formation, Wilcox Group, Bastrop County, Texas Academic Article uri icon


  • Deposits of the Sabinetown transgression in the upper Calvert Bluff Formation, Bastrop County, Texas, contain a record of Wilcox-age marine flooding and a diverse new Wilcox fossil assemblage. Sediments contain fossils of open-neritic marine environments. Winnowed, sparsely fossiliferous lowstand sandstones are capped with a lag deposit of marine vertebrates and an ironstone transgressive horizon and overlain by upward-coarsening sediments. Concentrations of shark teeth, bivalves Venericor and Litorhadia, gastropods Turritella and Athleta, scaphopods, and echinoderms demonstrate full marine conditions. Presence of fossiliferous ironstones with phosphate nodules and bio-eroded shell indicates sediment starvation. Aragonite shell (including otoliths) is preserved in a 1 m thick (3 ft) unit above the ironstones. These deposits are in the Sabinetown transgression (pre-Carrizo) that overlies the Rockdale depositional system in the Houston Embayment. These marine deposits are located on the northeast margin of the south Texas shelf system and are an extension of that depositional system. Palynological analysis of the Sabinetown transgression in the subsurface dates it as basal Eocene, and vertebrate fossils correlate to the basal Eocene Red Hot biota of the Bashi Formation in Mississippi, indicating that the Paleocene-Eocene boundary at Bastrop occurs below the fossil horizon.

published proceedings

  • Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions

author list (cited authors)

  • Yancey, T. E., Dunham, A., & Durney, K

complete list of authors

  • Yancey, TE||Dunham, A||Durney, K

publication date

  • January 2012