Estimation of aspect-ratio changes with pressure from seismic velocities Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • This paper is part of the special publication Developments in petrophysics (eds M.A. Lovell and P.K. Harvey). Seismic velocities are modeled as a function of rock mineralogy, porosity, fracture density, aspect ratio and fluid saturation. We compare the model with seismic velocity measurements made by Nur and Simmons in 1969 and predict quantitative aspect ratio changes as a function of differential pressure. The velocity change with pressure is initially caused by the deformation and collapse of pre- existing cracks and pores followed by the initiation of new cracks. For low porosity Casco granite (0.25% pore and 0.45% crack), we estimate that crack aspect ratio increases from 5.9e -3 to 0.01, then decreases to 5.0e -5 for a pressure increase from 0 to 300 MPa. Most pre-existing cracks and pores close at differential pressures <40 MPa, a lower pressure than predicted with standard approximations. These model results can be used to determine in situ porosity, fluid content, and pore pressure from seismic data by inversion and for reservoir monitoring from drilling and core data.

published proceedings

  • Geological Society, London, Special Publications

author list (cited authors)

  • Sun, Y. F., & Goldberg, D

citation count

  • 16

complete list of authors

  • Sun, YF||Goldberg, D

publication date

  • January 1997