Extraterrestrial 3He as a tracer of marine sediment transport and accumulation Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • THE deposition rate of deep-sea sediments, and their focused redeposition by deep-sea currents, can be evaluated from analyses of sedimentary 230 Th with a temporal resolution limited only by bioturbation. 230 Th is produced uniformly throughout the ocean by radioactive decay of dissolved 234 U and is removed sufficiently fast by sorption onto sinking particles to act as a 'constant-flux' tracer of sedimentation rates. But the half-life of 230 Th (75kyr) limits its use for this purpose to the past 200250 kyr. Here we explore the use of extraterrestrial 3 He from interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) as a constant-flux proxy that is free from this limitation. A comparison of 3 He with 230 Th in two cores from the equatorial Pacific Ocean indicates that the variability in the mean flux of IDPs over the past 200 kyr is less than 75%. But in contrast to this relatively constant rate of supply of 3 He to the deep sea, the local burial rates of 3 He and 230 Th have varied by a factor of five over the past 450 and 200 kyr, respectively. We interpret this variability as reflecting sediment focusing, with a temporal pattern that suggests regular cycles of climate-driven reorganization of near-bottom currents in the deep Pacific Ocean.

author list (cited authors)

  • Marcantonio, F., Anderson, R. F., Stute, M., Kumar, N., Schlosser, P., & Mix, A.

citation count

  • 103

publication date

  • October 1996

published in