Re-Os isotopic systematics in chromitites from the Stillwater Complex, Montana, USA Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • New Re-Os isotopic data on chromitites of the Stillwater Complex demonstrate isotopic equilibrium between cumulate chromite and whole rock. Initial osmium isotopic ratios for the chromitites, chosen for their freshness, are consistent with derivation from a mantle-derived magma that suffered little or no interaction with the continental crust prior to crystallization. Molybdenite, separated from a sample of the G-chromitite, yields a Re-Os age of 2740 Ma, indistinguishable from the age of the intrusion. The presence of molybdenite documents rhenium, and probably osmium, mobilization by hydrothermal fluids that permeated the intrusion shortly after crystallization. Initial osmium isotopic variability observed in chromitites and other rocks from the Stillwater Complex could result from interaction with these fluids. In this context, there is no compelling reason to call on assimilation of crust by mantle-derived magma to explain the osmium or neodymium isotopic variability. Although osmium isotopic systematics have been affected by hydrothermal processes, Re-Os results demonstrate that more than 95% of the osmium, and by inference other PGEs in the Stillwater Complex, derive from the mantle. © 1993.

author list (cited authors)

  • Marcantonio, F., Zindler, A., Reisberg, L., & Mathez, E. A.

citation count

  • 33

publication date

  • August 1993