Sediment focusing in the Panama Basin, Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Age-model derived sediment mass accumulation rates (MARs) are consistently higher than 230 Th-normalized MARs in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean during the past 25ka. The offset, being highest in the Panama Basin, suggests a significant role for deep-sea sediment redistribution (i.e., sediment focusing) in this region. Here, we test the hypothesis that downslope transport of sediments from topographically high regions that surround the Panama Basin is the cause of higher-than-expected xs 230 Th inventories over the past 25ka in the deeper parts of the basin. We find little difference in xs 230 Th inventories between the highest and lowest reaches of the basin. Furthermore, there is no correlation between xs 230 Th-derived sediment focusing factors and water depth which suggests that the topographic highs do not serve as a source of xs 230 Th. A spatial analysis suggests that there may be an enhanced scavenging effect on xs 230 Th concentrations in sediment closest to the equator where productivity is the highest, although further data is necessary to corroborate this. At the equator xs 230 Th-derived focusing factors are high and range from about 1 to 5 during the Holocene and about 1 to 11 during the last glacial. In contrast, non-equatorial cores show a smaller range in variability from about 0.7 to 2.8 during the Holocene and from 0.7 to 3.6 during the last glacial. Based on 232 Th flux measurements, we hypothesize that the location at which eolian detrital fluxes surpass the riverine detrital fluxes is approximately 300km from the margin. While riverine fluxes from coastal margins were higher during the Holocene, eolian fluxes were higher during the last glacial. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

author list (cited authors)

  • Singh, A. K., Marcantonio, F., & Lyle, M.

citation count

  • 18

publication date

  • September 2011