Spatiotemporal response of a conducting sphere under simulated geomagnetic storm conditions
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A theoretical study of satellite-based geomagnetic induction signals from uniform and heterogeneous spheres is undertaken using existing analytic and semi-analytic harmonic solutions. Transient responses to ring current excitations are computed using inverse Fourier and Laplace methods. A wide range of simulated storm excitations from impulse to step-on are considered. The early-time radial and late-time polar responses are diagnostic of the electrical conductivity of the sphere. The early-time diagnostic is likely more useful because of better signal to noise characteristics. Induction signals from deeply buried heterogeneities are likely to be contained in the late-time responses and their extraction will require new statistical approaches that average over many storms and incorporate multi-satellite and ground-based observations. The spatiotemporal induction response shows an interesting crossover during which time the rapidly-evolving polar component starts to decays while the slowly-evolving radial component continues to grow. At the crossover time, the intensity of the field is independent of colatitude, an effect which could be sought in satellite induction data. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Everett, M. E., & Martinec, Z.