Strain decoupling across the dcollement in the region of large slip during the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake from anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility
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The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 343, Japan Trench Fast Drilling Project (JFAST) drilled and cored across the plate-boundary dcollement at Site C0019 near the Japan Trench, where large slip occurred during the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake (Mw 9.0). Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) data obtained from core samples show a striking change in magnetic fabric across the dcollement. In the frontal prism above the dcollement, the maximum AMS axes display a strong preferred orientation in the northeast-southwest direction, with the intermediate and minimum AMS axes distributed in the vertical plane. In the underthrust sediments below the dcollement, the maximum and intermediate AMS axes are subhorizontal but variable in direction, and the minimum AMS axes display an approximately vertical preferred orientation. The AMS ellipsoids for all samples have an oblate component, but the AMS ellipsoids of the underthrust sediments are generally less oblate than those of the frontal prism. The magnetic fabric of the sediments in the prism are consistent with horizontal tectonic shortening nearly parallel to the plate convergence direction in the Japan Trench, while that in the underthrust sediments represents a vertical, uniaxial strain. The magnetic fabrics of the frontal prism and underthrust sediments indicate an abrupt change in strain across the dcollement at shallow depths, and imply that large co-seismic slip occurred along a weak plate-boundary dcollement that is mainly decoupled over the long-term. 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
author list (cited authors)
Yang, T., Mishima, T., Ujiie, K., Chester, F. M., Mori, J. J., Eguchi, N., & Toczko, S.