Quantifying ground-state complexation between Ag+ and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in dilute aqueous solution via fluorescence quenching
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Interactions of Ag+ with naphthalene and pyrene in aqueous solution were investigated using ultraviolet (UV) absorption and steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopies. Small red-shifts in the two primary absorption bands of naphthalene and pyrene were observed in the presence of high concentrations of Ag+, indicating that ground-state cation-aromatic electron interactions occurred. Ag+ complexation constants (K1 and K2) for naphthalene were determined directly from steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence data, whereas the formation of a pyrene-Ag+ exciplex required an additional correction to remove its interference on apparent pyrene complexation constants. The correction utilized ratios of the exciplex and monomer preexponential factors obtained from pyrene fluorescence decay curves measured at several emission wavelengths that were impacted to different degrees by the exciplex emission. The novel approach developed here to quantify ground-state complexes between Ag+ and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) offers new opportunities to investigate weak metal-organic complexes such as those resulting from cation- interactions. 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.