Permeability of illite-bearing shale: 2. Influence of fluid chemistry on flow and functionally connected pores Academic Article uri icon


  • Bedding-parallel permeability of illite-rich shale of the Wilcox formation has been investigated using distilled water and 1 M solutions of NaCl, KCl, and CaCl2 as pore fluids. Despite low modal concentrations of swelling clays, specimens expand upon fluid saturation and permeabilities depend on fluid composition. Permeabilities to flow of 1 M CaCl2 are 3-5 times greater than values measured for the other pore fluids, suggesting sensitivity to exchange of divalent cations for monovalent cations at clay mineral surfaces. Permeabilities of individual samples exhibit nonrecoverable changes with sequential changes in composition of incoming fluid. Permeabilities k at varying effective pressure Pe fit a cubic law k = k0 [1 - (Pe/P1)m]3, where m and P 1 are independent of fluid composition, and k 0 is greater for transport of 1 M CaCl2 than that for transport of the other pore fluids. Assuming that fluid conduits have crack-like dimensions, the lack of sensitivity of m and P 1 to fluid composition suggests that surface roughness and asperity stiffness of conduits are unaffected by cation exchange, while changes in k0 reflect changes in the clay-fluid interfaces of the connected pore space. Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Kwon, O., Herbert, B. E., & Kronenberg, A. K.

citation count

  • 38

complete list of authors

  • Kwon, O||Herbert, BE||Kronenberg, AK

publication date

  • October 2004