Full characterizations of minimax inequality, fixed point theorem, saddle point theorem, and KKM principle in arbitrary topological spaces Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2016, Springer International Publishing. This paper provides necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions for some important problems from optimization and non-linear analysis by replacing two typical conditions—continuity and quasiconcavity with a unique condition, weakening topological vector spaces to arbitrary topological spaces that may be discrete, continuum, non-compact or non-convex. We establish a single condition, γ-recursive transfer lower semicontinuity, which fully characterizes the existence of γ-equilibrium of minimax inequality without imposing any restrictions on topological space. The result is then used to provide full characterizations of fixed point theorem, saddle point theorem, and KKM principle.

author list (cited authors)

  • Tian, G.

citation count

  • 2

publication date

  • September 2017