Loss-of-function of Arabidopsis receptor-like kinase BIR1 activates cell death and defense responses mediated by BAK1 and SOBIR1. Academic Article uri icon


  • The Arabidopsis receptor-like kinase (RLK) BIR1 (BAK1-INTERACTING RECEPTOR-LIKE KINASE 1) functions as a negative regulator of plant immunity. Previous work showed that loss-of-function of BIR1 leads to constitutive activation of cell death and defense responses. These autoimmune phenotypes are partially dependent on another RLK, SOBIR1. In order to identify additional components involved in the BIR1-regulated plant defense signaling pathway, a suppressor screen was carried out in the bir1-1 pad4-1 mutant background. Mutations in the suppressor mutants were identified by genetic mapping and re-sequencing of the mutant genomes. A number of suppressor mutants were found to carry mutations in an additional RLK, BAK1, indicating that BAK1 is required for activation of cell death and defense responses in bir1-1. Co-immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that BAK1 and SOBIR1 associate with each other in planta when the function of BIR1 is compromised. Although BAK1 was previously characterized as a negative regulator of cell death, our study highlights a novel role of BAK1 in promoting cell death and defense responses in conjunction with SOBIR1.

published proceedings

  • New Phytol

altmetric score

  • 2.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Liu, Y., Huang, X., Li, M., He, P., & Zhang, Y.

citation count

  • 56

complete list of authors

  • Liu, Yanan||Huang, Xingchuan||Li, Meng||He, Ping||Zhang, Yuelin

publication date

  • November 2016