PT symmetry in a fractional Schrödinger equation
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© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. We investigate the fractional Schrödinger equation with a periodic PT-symmetric potential. In the inverse space, the problem transfers into a first-order nonlocal frequency-delay partial differential equation. We show that at a critical point, the band structure becomes linear and symmetric in the one-dimensional case, which results in a nondiffracting propagation and conical diffraction of input beams. If only one channel in the periodic potential is excited, adjacent channels become uniformly excited along the propagation direction, which can be used to generate laser beams of high power and narrow width. In the two-dimensional case, there appears conical diffraction that depends on the competition between the fractional Laplacian operator and the PT-symmetric potential. This investigation may find applications in novel on-chip optical devices.
author list (cited authors)
Zhang, Y., Zhong, H., Belić, M. R., Zhu, Y. i., Zhong, W., Zhang, Y., Christodoulides, D. N., & Xiao, M.