Combustion-derived substances in deep basins of Puget Sound: historical inputs from fossil fuel and biomass combustion.
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Reconstructions of 250 years historical inputs of two distinct types of black carbon (soot/graphitic black carbon (GBC) and char-BC) were conducted on sediment cores from two basins of the Puget Sound, WA. Signatures of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were also used to support the historical reconstructions of BC to this system. Down-core maxima in GBC and combustion-derived PAHs occurred in the 1940s in the cores from the Puget Sound Main Basin, whereas in Hood Canal such peak was observed in the 1970s, showing basin-specific differences in inputs of combustion byproducts. This system showed relatively higher inputs from softwood combustion than the northeastern U.S. The historical variations in char-BC concentrations were consistent with shifts in climate indices, suggesting an influence of climate oscillations on wildfire events. Environmental loading of combustion byproducts thus appears as a complex function of urbanization, fuel usage, combustion technology, environmental policies, and climate conditions.
author list (cited authors)
Kuo, L., Louchouarn, P., Herbert, B. E., Brandenberger, J. M., Wade, T. L., & Crecelius, E.
complete list of authors
Kuo, Li-Jung||Louchouarn, Patrick||Herbert, Bruce E||Brandenberger, Jill M||Wade, Terry L||Crecelius, Eric