Measures of financial openness and interdependence Academic Article uri icon


  • PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to review concepts and measurements related to financial globalization such as financial openness, financial integration, monetary interdependence, and the mobility and movement of capital.Design/methodology/approachThis paper surveys the theoretical and empirical literature on monetary interdependence and financial globalization. The major ways in which these concepts are measured empirically are presented and critiqued.FindingsDisagreements about the degree of financial integration and capital mobility are, in part, explained by the different approaches to measuring these concepts. One major challenge in obtaining a good measures is controlling for other major factors that may influence observed correlations among financial variables. While these relationships still cannot be estimated precisely, it can be safely said that while high for many countries, few if any financial markets are perfectly integrated across countries.Originality/valueBy offering a comprehensive analysis of these different measurements, the paper underscores the different implications for national policies and the operation of the international monetary system of different dimensions of globalization. In particular, the proposition that financial globalization has left most countries with little autonomy for domestic monetary policy is subject to serious debate, at least in the short run.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Financial Economic Policy

author list (cited authors)

  • Clark, W. R., Hallerberg, M., Keil, M., & Willett, T. D.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Clark, William R||Hallerberg, Mark||Keil, Manfred||Willett, Thomas D

publication date

  • April 2012