All's well that ends well: A reply to Oneal, Barbieri & Peters Academic Article uri icon


  • Oneal and Barbieri & Peters offer divergent critiques of Gartzke & Li, who present a mathematical identity between competing operationalizations of dyadic interdependence, and show that the relationship one finds between conflict and commerce depends on how one constructs ones dyadic indicator of trade. Oneal seems to accept the identity, but not some of its implications. Barbieri & Peters challenge the identity and offer contrasting results. Here, we show that Barbieri & Peterss results are due to their model specification, which Gartzke & Li argue involves omitted variable bias.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Gartzke, E., & Li, Q.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Gartzke, E||Li, Q

publication date

  • January 2003