Mistaken identity: A reply to Hegre Academic Article uri icon


  • Hegre (2005) offers an interesting example of cumulative science. By relaxing a restrictive assumption in Gartzke and Li (2003a), Hegre shows formally that the relationship between trade share and trade dependence need not be negative. Still, Hegre's assumptions are also in tension with his basic insight. We apply his logic in a more thorough manner to demonstrate that our original theoretical argument and empirical results are robust to the critique. Hegre (2005) also suggests that the pacifying effect of trade openness is likely an artifact of our failure to control for the size of the national economy. We re-estimate the effect of trade openness while controlling for the economic size of both states in the dyad and show that trade openness continues to reduce the likelihood of military conflict between countries.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Gartzke, E., & Li, Q.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Gartzke, E||Li, Q

publication date

  • January 2005