Measuring Cohesion in the International Communist Movement, 1957-1970
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Most students of international Communism agree that the cohesion of the movement has declined, yet there is widespread disagreement concerning the degree of decline and its importance. The controversy is partly rooted in differing definitions of cohesion and the international Communist movement, but it is also rooted in a faulty methodology. Scholars have drawn conclusions about the movement as a whole from unsystematic examination of selected parts. This paper proposes a research design for measuring cohesion in the movement over time and then executes the design using definitions and concepts from the political science literature. The non-cohesive behavior of certain Communist parties and party-states is documented. Yet most indices of the cohesion of the movement as a whole do not exhibit significant decline over time.
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