Mutant Analysis Approaches to Understanding Calcium Signal Transduction Through Calmodulin and Calmodulin Regulated Enzymes
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An example set of site-specific mutagenesis studies of calmodulin has been discussed in terms of strategy and how the results can provide insight into the functioning of calmodulin. A set of common examples for the study of calcium binding and enzyme activation were discussed. Essentially, site-specific mutagenesis in these initial studies is a perturbation approach. From these perturbation studies, structural features can be correlated in future studies with function and mechanisms of action proposed. More importantly, the approach allows efficient testing of proposed mechanisms and further probing of the molecular aspects of the signal transduction pathways. Clearly, the key functional feature that must be addressed in future studies is how the calcium binding steps in the mechanism are coupled to the enzyme activation step, which is the final step of the calmodulin-enzyme binding mechanism.
author list (cited authors)
Haiech, J., Kilhoffer, M., Craig, T. A., Lukas, T. J., Wilson, E., Guerra-Santos, L., & Watterson, D. M.