[Content and activity of the focal adhesion kinase in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells enhanced by urotensin II]. Academic Article uri icon


  • Urotensin II (U II) is the most potent vasoconstrictor identified in vivo, which plays an important role in the smooth muscle cell proliferation in atherosclerosis. All available information suggests that focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is at the crossroads of multiple signaling pathways and is essential for cell proliferation. But the effect of U II on the FAK mediated signal transduction pathway is unclear. In this study, FAK content and tyrosine phosphorylation were assessed by Western blot and immunoprecipitation in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells. Increased protein tyrosine phosphorylation was observed within 5 min of U II 10(-7) (mol/L) addition and was maximal by 30 min, while FAK protein content showed no change during the first 30 min but it increased at 2 h reaching a plateau by 4 h, and decreased after 6 h. In addition, the elevated phosphorylation of FAK was detected upon U II stimulation at 10(-8) mol/L, being maximal at 10(-7) mol/L, but decreased at 10(-6) mol/L. Treatment of the cells with cytochalasin B (50 micromol/L), which disrupted the organization of cytoskeleton, had no influence on the increased FAK tyrosine phosphorylation in response to U sti II mulation. In order to study the relationship between FAK and mitogen-activated protein kinase, calmodulin and protein kinase C, selective inhibitors PD98059 (50 micromol/L), W7 (50 micromol/L) and H7 (50 micromol/L) were added following U II treatment. Neither PD98059 nor W7 influenced the increased FAK tyrosine phosphorylation, but H7 further increased it. These findings indicate that FAK activation is independent of the integrity of cytoskeleton and closely related to protein kinase C, but had no relation with mitogen activated protein kinase and calmodulin.

published proceedings

  • Sheng Li Xue Bao

author list (cited authors)

  • Peng, X., Yin, H., Wang, L. H., Chai, S. B., Shu, J. L., & Tang, C. S.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Peng, X||Yin, H||Wang, LH||Chai, SB||Shu, JL||Tang, CS

publication date

  • December 2000