Reprogramming of myosin light chain 13 expression in muscle heterokaryons
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Fast myosin light chain (MLC) 1/3 is one of the few genes which regulates transcript production at both transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, utilizing two functionally distinct promoters coupled with alternatively spliced exons. The transcriptional process controlling expression from this single gene locus is developmentally regulated, such that MLC 1 precedes MLC 3 during myogenesis. Results from our RNA analyses demonstrate that in differentiated rat L6E9 muscle, MLC 3 is the sole isoform expressed from the MLC 1/3 locus. However, we also show that by generating rat L6E9:mouse C2 muscle heterokaryons, MLC 1 expression from the L6E9 MLC locus can be induced. In addition to novel rat MLC 1 expression in the C2:L6E9 heterokaryons, we show that the synthesis profile of rat MLC 3 mRNA is also altered relative to L6E9 muscle cultured alone. Additional experiments demonstrate that the reprogramming of rat MLC 1 and 3 expression in the muscle heterokaryons requires that C2 and L6E9 nuclei be contained within a common cytoplasm. These results demonstrate that expression from the MLC 1/3 gene is "plastic," and is not under the control of a strict developmental program but, rather, can be modified by the environmental milieu.
author list (cited authors)
Pajak, L., Mariappan, M., & Wieczorek, D. F.